The emerald belongs to the so-called "big three" colored precious stones, along with the ruby ​​and sapphire. Its rich and lush green color is unique in the realm of precious stones. The emerald is a symbol of hope and fertility. 

The emerald is the most famous and most valuable variety of beryllium. Emerald crystals are simple hexagonal columns that are turbid or cracked. Small cracks are taken as natural to the emerald - as proof of the natural origin of the emerald.

 

The emerald has a rich and lush green color, which is unique in the realm of precious stones. The most valued color is a deep green shade with a slight touch of blue. The green color of the emerald is caused by the amount of chromium in its structure: the more chromium present, the more intense the color. Emeralds' formation in nature is a very demanding geological phenomena, so they are very rare minerals.

 

The emerald is a fragile stone and it’s ground with a special type of emerald cut.

 

Emeralds are very often (GIA up to 90%) impregnated with colorless vegetable oil or synthetic Opticon resin. This treatment should cover the cracks occurring naturally on the surface of the stone. Emeralds without any cracks are an exception and their price is extremely high.

 

Since the middle of the 20th century, synthetic emeralds have been produced. This is a demanding process that crystallizes the emerald from a melt with a base of colorless beryl. Artificially made stones are still considered precious stones.

 

Color:

Green

Hardness:

7.5 - 8

Location:

Colombia, Russia, Austria, India, Brazil, Zimbabwe, South Africa

Did you know that...?

The emerald is the precious sign of the zodiac sign Leo.

The emerald is the May birthstone.

An emerald anniversary is the 55th anniversary.

The emerald is a symbol of hope and fertility. Its beautiful deep green color is considered the color of life and spring - when everything is blooming and buzzing.

 

Myths

 

It was once believed that the emerald could bring and preserve love in life. It was also thought to bring loyalty and harmony to relationships. The emerald was always considered a very strong talisman: people believed that it was a mystical stone, born in hell and that no one should ignore its power.

 

The emerald green color was considered in antiquity to be the color of life and spring, when everything blooms and buds.

 

We find mentions of emeralds in the Bible - in the apocalypse of St. John, God appears surrounded by a rainbow that had "the look of an emerald". In Ancient Rome, the emerald was the stone of the goddess of Venus; in India, people believed that it was immortal.

 

In the Middle Ages, the legends said that an emerald placed on the tongue would allow someone to talk to the evil spirits. In addition, it was considered a stone that helped to cure sight-related illnesses.

 

Healing effects

 

Cleans cavities

Protects your heart

Cleanses the lungs

Reinforces the skeleton

Supports and strengthens the muscular system

Improves your eyesight

Strengthens the tired eyes

Detoxes the liver

Regenerates the organism

Calms the nerves

Reduces fever

Suppresses the unpleasant manifestations of rheumatism

Increases immunity

Helps in the treatment of malignant tumors.

 

THE BEST EMERALDS

 

The largest emerald crystal

 

Smaragd Patricia (Patricia Emerald)

 

The Patricia Emerald is the largest emerald crystal in the world. Weighing 632 carats, it was found in Colombia and has an unusual 12th side shape. It resides in the collection of the American Museum of Natural History.

 

Famous jewels with emeralds

 

Hooker emerald brooch (Hooker Emerald Brooch)

 

This beautiful emerald brooch was produced by the famous American goldsmith Tiffany for the Turkish sultan Abdul Hamid II, the last sultan of the Ottoman Empire. Now the brooch is displayed in the collection of the National Museum of Natural History in Washington.

 

The brooch consists of a 75.47-karat, 27 mm wide emerald, which is embossed with an emerald brush and has almost no inclusions. A platinum strip surrounds the emerald, which is wrapped in a coil at the end and is connected to the brilliant. There are 100 diamonds around the circumference of the emerald.

 

Inquisition Necklace (Spanish Inquisition Necklace)

 

The necklace of the Spanish Inquisition is shrouded in mystery because the majority of its history remains unknown. The name of this necklace was given by jeweler Harry Winston, and it is unknown why he chose this unusual name, with the Spanish Inquisition having nothing to do with the necklace. The Harry Winston Necklace was bought from the Indian Maharaja Yashvantraa II in 1947.

 

The necklace consists of 15 large emeralds and 374 diamonds. The diamonds come from India and the emeralds from Colombia, but the year they were extracted is not known. The emeralds are considered some of the largest in the world, the biggest weighing 45 carats.

 

Harry Winston loaned the necklace to actress Katherine Hepburn, who wore it for the 19th Oscar Movie Awards. In 1955, Harry Winston's necklace was sold to Mrs. Cora Hubbard Williams, who gave it to the National Museum of Natural Sciences in Washington before she died.

 

Chalk Emerald

 

The Chalk Emerald comes from Colombia. Originally, it was a part of an emerald and diamond necklace made by Maharaja Saheba. In the 20th century, the emerald of the necklace was removed, sharpened and set into an impressive ring designed by jeweler Harry Winston.

 

The emerald in the ring weighs 38.4 carats and is surrounded by pear-shaped diamonds for a total weight of approximately 15 carats. The ring can be seen in the collection of the National Museum of Natural History in Washington.

 

The Crown of the Andes

 

The Andean Royal Crown, formerly known as the Crown of the Virgin Mary of Immaculate Conception, was made for the Virgin Mary's statue in the cathedral of Popayan, Colombia. It is made of 18-22 carat gold, weighs 2 kilograms, is 34 centimeters high and is adorned with 450 emeralds. The largest emerald, called the emerald Atahualpa, has a rectangle shape and measures 16 centimeters. The crown is exhibited at the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York City.

 

Sources used:

Gia.edu. (2016). Emerald Gemstone | Emerald Stone - GIA. [Online] Available at: http://www.gia.edu/emerald [Accessed 22 Nov. 2016].

En.wikipedia.org. (2016). Hooker Emerald Brooch. [Online] Available at: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hooker_Emerald_Brooch [Accessed 22 Nov. 2016].

Gemselect.com. (2016). Spanish Inquisition Necklace. [Online] Available at: http://www.gemselect.com/other-info/spanish-inquisition-necklace.php [Accessed 22 Nov. 2016].

The Metropolitan Museum of Art, The Met Museum. (2016). Crown of the Virgin of the Immaculate Conception, known as the Crown of the Andes Colombian; Popayan | The Met. [Online] Available at: http://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/21698 [Accessed 22 Nov. 2016].