The aquamarine is a very popular jewel used in the jewellery industry. Its extraordinary blue color evokes the clear blue sea and sweeps us away to unexplored places.

 

Aquamarine is a variety of beryl, as well as emerald. It is exceptional with its beautiful light blue or green-blue color, which resembles the clear sea. The presence of iron gives aquamarine its beautiful blue hue. Its name - from the Latin "aqua marina" - is derived from the sea water and its beautiful blue color.

 

Aquamarines are found mostly in Brazil, Mozambique and Afghanistan.

 

The aquamarine is referred to as a dichroic gem, which means that the intensity of its color varies depending on the angle that you look at the stone. This property must be taken into account especially when grinding aquamarines.

 

Aquamarine is partially transparent to translucent, with a beautiful sparkling gloss.

 

Aquamarine can be sanded into almost any shape, but the most common are brilliant and emerald brushes.

 

In nature they occur in relatively large quantities and in large flawless pieces. It is therefore a relatively affordable gem with excellent properties and is suitable for grinding and setting in jewellery.

 

Most of the natural aquamarines that are used in jewellery are refined - their color is improved by annealing at a temperature of around 450 ° C.

 

Color:

Light blue to greenish blue

Hardness:

7.5 - 8

Location

Brazil, Mozambique, Afghanistan, Nigeria

 

Did you know that...?

Aquamarine is the stone of the Aquarius and Pisces zodiac signs.

Aquamarine is the birthstone of the month of March.

Aquamarine is the stone of the sea goddesses and the sea itself. It symbolizes peace, joy and happiness, especially in partnership. According to old traditions, she brings her bearers a happy marriage and wealth. It calms our mind and relieves us of fear.

 

The bright blue color of the aquamarine is the color of hope, sympathy, friendship and fidelity.

 

Myths

 

Aquamarine is considered to be the stone of the goddess Amphitrite, a wife of the sea god Poseidon. According to old legends, aquamarine comes from a marble treasure chest. Since ancient times it has been considered a sailor's stone. The first sailors believed that the aquamarine can calm the troubled sea, protect them from drowning and bring them happiness on their long voyages.

 

The ancient Romans and Greeks also considered aquamarine as a guardian for sailors, to protect them from drowning, pirates, sirens, and illnesses.

 

Aquamarine was also enormously valued by the ancient Egyptians as a symbol of happiness and endless youth.

 

With the advent of Christianity, the aquamarine began to be associated with the Apostle Thomas, who was a patron of the sea and air and sailed to India to preach his gospel.

 

Did you know that in the 14th century aquamarine was used to sharpen lenses in glasses?

 

Medicinal effects of aquamarine:

 

Provides good health

Eases toothache

Treats the stomach, esophagus, jaw, sore throat and hay fever

Works against both myopia and farsightedness

Balances the pituitary and thyroid glands

Improves muscle mass.

 

The largest aquamarine

 

The largest aquamarine was found in Brazil in 1910. It was 48.5 cm long, 41 cm wide and weighed 110 kg. The stone was partially left in the natural state and partially cut into stones of excellent quality. The largest of the stones, the Dom Pedro obelisk of 10,395 carats is exhibited at the Smithsonian Institute in Washington.


Famous jewels with aquamarines

 

British Queens Aquamarine Jewellery

 

The Queen received a stunning aquamarine set - a necklace and earrings - from the King of Brazil on the occasion of her coronation in 1953. Brazilian aquamarines were used to produce these two jewels, and all in all it was a year-long process for the stones to be perfectly matched to each other. The set was completed in 1958 with a bracelet and a large brooch.

 

The queen loved this aquamarine set and even made a matching tiara. It has a platinum base with diamonds and aquamarines.

 

Aquamarine Roosevelt

 

A gift from the Brazilian President Vargas for the wife of President Franklin Roosevelt, Mrs. Eleanor Roosevelt. The first lady got this breathtaking aquamarine on her trip to Brazil as proof of the friendship between both countries.

 

The original raw aquamarine, which weighed 1.3 kg, was divided into two stones and the larger one, weighing 1 847 carats, was donated to the first lady. It is now in the Franklin D. Roosevelt Museum in New York.


Schlumbereger's brooch

 

This aquamarine diamond-shaped bracelet was created in 1893 by Jean Schlumberger, the court designer of jewellery for Tiffany & Co. The brooch is now in an exposition of the National Museum of Natural Sciences in Chicago.

 

Sources used:

Gia.edu. (2016). Aquamarine Gemstone | Aquamarine Stone - GIA. [online] Available at: http://www.gia.edu/aquamarine [Accessed 13 Dec. 2016].

4Cs Education. (2016). Aquamarine: A Member of the Mineral Species Beryl | GIA 4Cs Blog. [online] Available at: http://4csblog.gia.edu/2013/aquamarine [Accessed 13 Dec. 2016].

4csblog.gia.edu. (2016). Famous Birthstones: March’s Roosevelt’s Aquamarine | GIA 4Cs Blog. [online] Available at: http://4csblog.gia.edu/2015/famous-birthstones-marchs-roosevelts-aquamarine [Accessed 13 Dec. 2016].